Warning: You are not logged in. Your IP address will be publicly visible if you make any edits. If you log in or create an account, your edits will be attributed to your username, along with other benefits. Anti-spam check. Do not fill this in!==Using force to choose the Khalifa== <p style="color:rgb(51,51,46);font-family:Arial,tahoma,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:small;line-height:normal;">One way the Khalifa may be chosen is through the use of force. Many Muslim scholars say that if a person has already seized power, then to avoid Muslim bloodshed that person should be accepted if he upholds his duties as the Khalifa of the Muslim ummah.</p> *Ibn Hanbal wrote that if a Khalifa has seized power, it is haram to fight him. However, he must meet his responsibilities under Islam. *Ash-Shafi'i believed that a person who seizes power and then is accepted by the people is a legitimate Khalifa. *An-Nawawi believed that if someone forces himself on the ummah, but is qualified, then he should be accepted by the people to avoid Muslim bloodshed and to preserve Muslim unity. An-Nawawi also claimed that if the new Khalifa subsequently does not follow the sunnah of the Prophet precisely, it would be still be questionable to fight against him because of the paramount importance of avoiding Muslim bloodshed and disunity. *Ibn Khaldun, Al-Asqalani and Al-Juwayni all believed that forceful seizure of power by someone is legitimate as long as he follows Islam as the new Khalifa. *Ibn Taymiya wrote that after someone has seized power, he is legitimate so long as he follows the Qur'an and Sunnah. <p style="color:rgb(51,51,46);font-family:Arial,tahoma,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:small;line-height:normal;">All scholars are in unanimous agreement that using force to displace an already established Khalifa who is meeting his responsibilities is forbidden.</p> <p style="color:rgb(51,51,46);font-family:Arial,tahoma,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:small;line-height:normal;">The above scholars rely on the following ahadith to support their opinions.</p> *From Sahih Muslim: A companion of the Prophet named Hudhayfah asked the Prophet about what the future holds for the Muslims. The Prophet replied that they will be led by devils at some point. The Prophet then added that the Muslims should obey these leaders. *From Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim: The Prophet noted that there will come leaders whom the Muslims will not like - that is, they will not follow the Sunnah precisely. The Prophet continued and ordered the Muslims to "give your right to them, and ask God for your right," or in other words be patient. *From Sahih Muslim: The Prophet asked people for their bay'a in which he asked for obedience during weakness and strength, wealth and poverty. This request for obedience from the people applies to the Khalifas as well unless they exhibit signs of kufr. Summary: Please note that all contributions to the Daiyah Wiki are considered to be released under the CC-BY-SA Cancel Editing help (opens in new window) Retrieved from "https://daiyah.fandom.com/wiki/Process_of_Choosing_the_Leader_(Caliph)_of_the_Muslims:_The_Muslim_Khilafa"