The Hadith of Qital al-Yahud (Arabic:حديث قتال اليهود) or “Battles with the Jews” are several apocalyptic prophecies of Jihad made by the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad (ﷺ) in which it is foretold that Muslims will fight the Jews near the end times and be decisively victorious over them.
The reason for their punishment is linked to their blasphemies, altering the Scripture, murdering/ attempt to kill the Prophets (عليهم السلام) and serious treasons with them (i.e., allying with infidels) as mentioned in the Quran and Hadith.
It appears that it will be no less than a World war, as the Jews and Zionists have a strong global influence and the alliance of Israel with Christian majority intergovernmental armies like NATO (having over a million troops with presence in 30 countries including Muslim nations like Turkey, Albania etc).
Political tension, military conflicts and disputes between Arab countries (especially Egypt, Syria and Lebanon) and Israel are already escalating. The Al-Aqsa Mosque has also been a flashpoint in the Israeli-Palestinian/Gaza conflict.
And the Jews say, "The hand of Allah is chained." Chained are their hands, and cursed are they for what they say. Rather, both His hands are extended; He spends however He wills. And that which has been revealed to you from your Lord will surely increase many of them in transgression and disbelief. And We have cast among them animosity and hatred until the Day of Resurrection. Every time they kindled the fire of war [against you], Allah extinguished it. And they strive throughout the land [causing] corruption, and Allah does not like corrupters. (Surah Al-Maidah 5:64)
Allah has certainly heard the statement of those [Jews] who said, "Indeed, Allah is poor, while we are rich." We will record what they said and their killing of the prophets without right and will say, "Taste the punishment of the Burning Fire. (Surah Aal Imran 3:181)
Those who disbelieve in the signs of Allah and kill the prophets without right and kill those who order justice from among the people - give them tidings of a painful punishment. (Surah Aal Imran 3:21)
And [recall] when We took your covenant and raised over you the mount, [saying], "Take what We have given you with determination and listen." They said [instead], "We hear and disobey." And their hearts absorbed [the worship of] the calf because of their disbelief. Say, "How wretched is that which your faith enjoins upon you, if you should be believers." (Surat Al-Baqarah 2:93)
The Jews say, "Ezra is the son of Allah "; and the Christians say, "The Messiah is the son of Allah." That is their statement from their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved [before them]. May Allah destroy them; how are they deluded? (Surah At-Tawbah 9:30)
You will surely find the most intense of the people in animosity toward the believers [to be] the Jews and those who associate others with Allah (polytheists/Hindus). (Surah Al-Maidah 5:82)
O People of the Scripture, why do you confuse the truth with falsehood and conceal the truth while you know [it]? (Surah Aal Imran 3:71)
But if they turn away, then indeed - Allah is Knowing of the corrupters. (Surah Aal Imran 3:63)
Among the Jews are those who distort words from their [proper] usages and say, "We hear and disobey" (Surah An-Nisa 4:46)
For wrongdoing on the part of the Jews, We made unlawful for them [certain] good foods which had been lawful to them, and for their averting from the way of Allah many [people].
And [for] their taking of usury while they had been forbidden from it, and their consuming of the people's wealth unjustly. And we have prepared for the disbelievers among them a painful punishment. (Surah An-Nisa 4:160-161)
And [We cursed them] for their breaking of the covenant and their disbelief in the signs of Allah and their killing of the prophets without right and their saying, "Our hearts are wrapped". Rather, Allah has sealed them because of their disbelief, so they believe not, except for a few. (Surah An-Nisa 4:155)
They have taken their scholars and monks (allowing the prohibited) as lords besides Allah, and [also] the Messiah, the son of Mary. And they were not commanded except to worship one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him. (Surah At-Tawbah 9:31)
O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you - then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people. (Surah Al-Maidah 5:51)
Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the Scripture - [fight] until they give the Jizyah (tax on non-Muslims) willingly while they are humbled. (Surah At-Tawbah 9:29)
And We conveyed to the Children of Israel in the Scripture that, "You will surely cause corruption on the earth twice, and you will surely reach [a degree of] great haughtiness.
So when the [time of] promise came for the first of them, We sent against you servants of Ours - those of great military might, and they probed [even] into the homes, and it was a promise fulfilled. (Surah Al-Isra 17:4-5)
It is He who expelled the ones who disbelieved among the People of the Scripture from their homes at the first gathering. You did not think they would leave, and they thought that their fortresses would protect them from Allah ; but [the decree of] Allah came upon them from where they had not expected, and He cast terror into their hearts [so] they destroyed their houses by their [own] hands and the hands of the believers. So take warning, O people of vision. (Surah Al-Hashr 59:2)
Say, "Shall I inform you of [what is] worse than that as penalty from Allah ? [It is that of] those whom Allah has cursed and with whom He became angry and made of them apes and pigs and slaves of Taghut (infidel regimes). Those are worse in position and further astray from the sound way." (Surah Al-Maidah 5:60)
Do you covet [the hope, O believers], that they would believe for you while a party of them used to hear the words of Allah and then distort the Torah after they had understood it while they were knowing?
And when they meet those who believe, they say, "We have believed"; but when they are alone with one another, they say, "Do you talk to them about what Allah has revealed to you so they can argue with you about it before your Lord?" Then will you not reason? (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:75-76)
And you will surely find them the most greedy of people for life - [even] more than those who associate others with Allah . One of them wishes that he could be granted life a thousand years, but it would not remove him in the least from the [coming] punishment that he should be granted life. And Allah is Seeing of what they do. (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:96)
Those to whom We gave the Scripture know him [i.e., Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)] as they know their own sons. But indeed, a party of them conceal the truth while they know [it]. (Surat Al-Baqarah 2:146, Surah Al-An'am 6:20)
They have been put under humiliation [by Allah] wherever they are overtaken, except for a covenant from Allah and a rope from the Muslims. And they have drawn upon themselves anger from Allah and have been put under destitution. That is because they disbelieved in the verses of Allah and killed the Prophets without right. That is because they disobeyed and [habitually] transgressed (Surah Aal Imran 3:112).
So when they were insolent about that which they had been forbidden, We said to them, "Be apes, despised." (Surah Al-'Araf 7:166)
Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:
“The last hour would not come unless the Muslims will fight against the Jews and the Muslims would kill them until the Jews would hide themselves behind a stone or a tree and a stone or a tree would say: Muslim, or the servant of Allah, there is a Jew behind me; come and kill him; but the tree Gharqad (Boxthorn) would not say, for it is the tree of the Jews.” (Sahih Muslim 2922)
Abdullah b. 'Umar (رضي الله عنه) reported that Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said:
“The Jews will fight against you and you will gain victory over them until the stone would say: Muslim, here is a Jew behind me; kill him.” (Sahih Muslim 2921d)
It has been narrated by 'Umar b. al-Khattib (رضي الله عنه) that he heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say:
I will expel the Jews and Christians from the Arabian Peninsula and will not leave any but Muslim. (Sahih Muslim 1767a)
Yahya related from Malik from Ibn Shihab (رضی الله عنهم) that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
"Two Deens (religions) shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula."
Malik said that Ibn Shihab said, ''Umar ibn al-Khattab searched for information about that until he was absolutely convinced that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) had said, 'Two Deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula,' and he therefore expelled the Jews from Khaybar." Malik said, ''Umar ibn al-Khattab expelled the Jews from Najran (a Jewish settlement in the Yemen) and Fadak (a Jewish settlement thirty miles from Madina). (Muwatta Malik 45/18)
Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه) said:
“When the Apostle of Allah (ﷺ) had victory over Quraish in the batte of Badr and came to Madeenah he gathered the Jews in the market of Banu Qainuqa and said “O community of Jews embrace Islam before you suffer an injury as the Quraish suffered.” They said “Muhammad, you should not deceive yourself (taking pride) that you had killed a few persons of the Quriash who were inexperienced and did not know how to fight. Had you fought with us, you would have known us. You have never met people like us.” Allah Most High revealed about this the following verses:
“Say to those who disbelieve, ‘You will be overcome and gathered together to Hell, and wretched is the resting place’.” Already there has been for you a sign in the two armies which met - one fighting in the cause of Allah and another of disbelievers. They saw them [to be] twice their [own] number by [their] eyesight. But Allah supports with His victory whom He wills. Indeed in that is a lesson for those of vision. [Surah Aal Imran 3:12-13] (Sunan Abi Dawud 3001)
Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه):
`Abdullah bin Salam heard the news of the arrival of Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) (at Medina) while he was on a farm collecting its fruits. So he came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said, "I will ask you about three things which nobody knows unless he be a prophet. Firstly, what is the first portent of the Hour? What is the first meal of the people of Paradise? And what makes a baby look like its father or mother?'. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Just now Gabriel has informed me about that." `Abdullah said, "Gabriel?" The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Yes." `Abdullah said, "He, among the angels is the enemy of the Jews." On that the Prophet (ﷺ) recited this Holy Verse-
"Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel (let him die in his fury!) for he has brought it (i.e. Qur'an) down to your heart by Allah's permission." [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:97]
Then he added, "As for the first portent of the Hour, it will be a fire that will collect the people from the East to West. And as for the first meal of the people of Paradise, it will be the caudite (i.e. extra) lobe of the fish liver. And if a man's discharge preceded that of the woman, then the child resembles the father, and if the woman's discharge preceded that of the man, then the child resembles the mother." On hearing that, `Abdullah said, "I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that you are the Messenger of Allah, O, Allah's Messenger (ﷺ); the Jews are liars, and if they should come to know that I have embraced Islam, they would accuse me of being a liar."
In the meantime some Jews came (to the Prophet) and he asked them, "What is `Abdullah's status amongst you?" They replied, "He is the best amongst us, and he is our chief and the son of our chief." The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "What would you think if `Abdullah bin Salam embraced Islam?" They replied, "May Allah protect him from this!" Then `Abdullah came out and said, "I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." The Jews then said, "Abdullah is the worst of us and the son of the worst of us," and disparaged him. On that `Abdullah said, "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! This is what I was afraid of!" (Sahih al-Bukhari 4480)
Anas b. Malik (رضي الله عنه) reported that
A Jewess brought poisoned meat and then served it to Allah's Messenger (ﷺ). (Sahih Muslim 2190b)
Narrated `Aisha (رضي الله عنها):
The Prophet (ﷺ) in his ailment in which he died, used to say, "O `Aisha! I still feel the pain caused by the food I ate at Khaibar, and at this time, I feel as if my aorta is being cut from that poison." (Sahih al-Bukhari 4428)
It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنه) that:
The Jews of Banu Nadir and Banu Quraiza fought against the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) who expelled Banu Nadir, and allowed Quraiza to stay on, and granted favour to them until they too fought against him Then he killed their men, and distributed their women, children and properties among the Muslims, except that some of them had joined the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) who granted them security. They embraced Islam. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) turned out all the Jews of Medina. Banu Qainuqa' (the tribe of 'Abdullah b. Salim) and the Jews of Banu Haritha and every other Jew who was in Medina. (Sahih Muslim 1766a)
*Note: The Bani Qaynuqa, Banu Nadir and Bani Qurayza were Jewish tribes which lived in Medina. The Banu Qaynuqa purportedly started a campaign of trouble making aimed at Muslims, jeering at them as well, harming those who went to their marketplaces, and intimidating Muslim women.The Banu Nadir plotted to kill the Prophet (ﷺ) and fought against the Muslims in the battles of Khandaq and Khaybar. The Banu Qurayza told the Muslims that they were allied to them during the Battle of the Khandaq. However, they later sided with the polytheists. See also: Misconceptions about Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)
It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) that:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) burned the palm trees of Banu Nadir , and cut down Buwairah (their hiding place/garden). Then Allah revealed the words:
“Whatever you have cut down of [their] palm trees or left standing on their trunks - it was by permission of Allah and so He would disgrace the defiantly disobedient.” [Surah Al-Hashr 59:5] (Sunan Ibn Majah 2844)
Narrated `Aisha (رضي الله عنها):
When Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) returned on the day (of the battle) of Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench), he put down his arms and took a bath. Then Gabriel whose head was covered with dust, came to him saying, "You have put down your arms! By Allah, I have not put down my arms yet." Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "Where (to go now)?" Gabriel said, "This way," pointing towards the tribe of Bani Quraiza. So Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) went out towards them . (Sahih al-Bukhari 2813)
Narrated Atiyyah al-Qurazi:
I was among the captives of Banu Qurayzah. They (the Companions) examined us, and those who had begun to grow hair (pubes) were killed (i.e., their fighters), and those who had not were not killed. I was among those who had not grown hair. (Sunan Abi Dawud 4404).
Narrated Thabit ibn Wadi'ah (رضي الله عنه):
We were in an army with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). We got some lizards. I roasted one lizard and brought it to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and placed it before him. He took a stick and counted its fingers. He then said: A group from the children of Israel was transformed into an animal of the land, and I do not know which animal it was. He did not eat it nor did he forbid (its eating). (Sunan Abi Dawud 3795)
Anas b. Malik reported (رضي الله عنه) that
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said: The Dajjal would be followed by seventy thousand Jews of Isfahan wearing Persian shawls.(Sahih Muslim 2944)
Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه):
Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, surely (Jesus,) the son of Mary will soon descend amongst you and will judge mankind justly (as a Just Ruler); he will break the Cross and kill the pigs and there will be no Jizya (i.e. taxation taken from non Muslims). Money will be in abundance so that nobody will accept it, and a single prostration to Allah (in prayer) will be better than the whole world and whatever is in it." Abu Huraira added "If you wish, you can recite (this verse of the Holy Book)-
'And there is none Of the people of the Scriptures (Jews and Christians) But must believe in him (i.e Jesus as an Apostle of Allah and a human being) Before his death. And on the Day of Judgment He will be a witness Against them." [Surah An-Nisa 4:159] (See Fath-ul-Bari, Page 302 Vol 7) (Sahih al-Bukhari 3448)
Ibn al-Mulqin (رحمه الله) said:
What is meant by the words “You will fight the Jews” is that this will happen when Isa/Jesus (عليه السلام) descends; the Muslims will be with him and the Jews will be with the Dajjal. (At-Tawdeeh li Sharh al-Jami‘ as-Saheeh 17/663)
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (رحمه الله) said:
The Jews are in fact awaiting the false messiah (Al-maseeh ad-Dajjal), for he is the one whom the Jews will follow. Seventy thousand of the Jews of Isfahan wearing tayalisah (a kind of head covering) will emerge with him. The Muslims will fight them with him, to the extent that trees and rocks will say: “O Muslim, here is a Jew behind me; come and kill him.” (Al-Jawab as-Saheeh li man baddala Deen al-Maseeh 2/30).
Ash-Shaykh Ibn Baz (رحمه الله) said:
Isa (عليه السلام) will fight Dajjal, supported by the Muslims, and he will kill him at the gate of al-Ludd (Lod), which is in Palestine, near al-Quds (Jerusalem). He will kill him with his spear, as it says in the Sahih Hadith, and the Muslims who are with him will kill a great number of the Jews. It says in the hadith from the Prophet (ﷺ) that the Muslims will fight the Jews, and will kill them and gain power over them, and trees and rocks will call out: O Muslim, O slave of Allah, here is a Jew; come and kill him. And Isa will kill the Dajjal and put an end to him. (Fatawa Noor ‘ala ad-Darb by Ibn Baz, ed by ash-Shuway‘ir 4/290)
Shaykh Muhammad Salih Al-Munajjid (رحمه الله) writes:
When the Dajjal emerges, thousands of the Jews will follow him and rally around him, aiming to fight the Muslims. Then the Messiah, Isa ibn Maryam (عليه السلام) will descend and the Muslims will rally around him to fight the Dajjal and his followers. Isa ibn Maryam (عليه السلام) will call the Jews to Islam, and he will not accept anything from them at that time except Islam. It is clear that the battle, for the Muslims, will be a just and legitimate battle that Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) undoubtedly approves of. This is indicated by the following:
“They (the disbelievers, the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish Allah’s Light [with which Muhammad (ﷺ) has been sent - Islamic Monotheism] with their mouths, but Allah will not allow except that His Light should be perfected even though the Kafiroon (disbelievers) hate (it)” [Surah At-Tawbah 9:32]
This was the case with all the Islamic battles in which the aim was to make the word of Allah supreme on earth. “Whoever fights so that the word of Allah will be supreme is fighting in the way of Allah.” [Narrated by Muslim 33/217]. (Al-M'arkah bayn al-Yahud wal-Muslimeen 223275)
Attempts to harm Islam
According to the History of Al-Tabari, a Yemenite Jew named Ibn Saba' and his followers (the Sabaʾiyya) who embraced Islam introduced a number of exaggerations that later were ascribed to more extreme factions of Shias, known as Ghulat. He and his followers are said to be the ones who enticed the Egyptians against Uthman (رضي الله عنه) on the ground of Ali (رضي الله عنه)'s special divine right of succession, and participated in further instigation at later conflicts. The Sunnis viewed the Sabaʾiyya as playing the same role of seeking to destroy the message of Islam from within as Paul of Tarsus (a Jewish convert to Christianity) would play in seeking to deliberately corrupt the teachings of Isa ibn Maryam/Jesus (عليه السلام) by introducing fabrications.
- The Book of Tribulations and Portents of the Last Hour
- The authenticity of the hadeeth about fighting the Jews
- In the battle between the Jews and the Muslims at the end of time, the aggressors will be the Jews